by Jimmy Yoo “When I am right, no one remembers. When I am wrong, no one forgets.” - Doug Harvey, Hall of Fame Umpire During competition, referees decision-making is always subject to public opinion. As a result, referees find that they are often criticized and questioned on their decision-making and game-management skills. Good referees can make sporting events flow well and they are able to create a positive environment that is focused on sportsmanship and competition. On the other hand, inefficient referees can make a sporting event seem to drag on because play is constantly being interrupted by fouls or penalties being called, which can also lead to angry coaches and athletes, and unruly fans. To be successful as a referee, it is important to be proficient in the following areas: game knowledge, decision-makings skills, psychological skills, strategic skills, communication or control of the game, and physical fitness (Guillen & Feltz, 2011). Game knowledge includes knowing the rules, understanding proper officiating mechanics, and understanding the basic strategy of the game. Decision-making skills are defined by how quickly and accurately a referee is able to make decisions that include making accurate judgment calls and being firm in one’s decisions. Psychological skills are defined as focusing attention and concentration, staying cool under pressure, and recovering quickly from making a bad call. These are almost identical to the psychological skills athletes need, and therefore sport psychology can be beneficial to referees too. Strategic skills tend to focus on making the right interpretation of the game and its rules. Strategic skills include being able to stay up with the play, being at the proper angles for decisions, and anticipating game actions. Communication means being able to communicate effectively with [...]
by Brian Baxter, MA Sport Psychology Most of the athletes I see come through SPINw are high achievers. They are high level athletes who are dedicated, self-coaches, and know how to push themselves. They don’t accept mediocrity. It's these quality that get them to a high level in sports. but it's also this quality that can make the overwhelmed and frustrated. More often than not, these high level athletes are also high achievers in the classroom. Early in my career it was amazing to me how many 4.0 students come in to seek mental game training; now it’s just commonplace. A collegiate cross country runner I worked with not to long ago was one of these high achievers in the classroom and on the field. A 4.0 student and talented runner on scholarship, she’d been struggling in her running for about a year, culminating in her refusal to run in an important event due to stress and anxiety. After a strong freshman season, she struggled with injury and sub-standard performances. She was beginning to question her abilities, her training, and herself as a runner. I asked her to explain the difference to me between sports and academics. She said basically, for school, everything is spelled out for her: the professor gives a syllabus at the beginning of the year, and all she has to do is work hard, follow the steps, ask for extra help if needed, and do well on tests. But for athletics, there were too many factors she couldn’t control: injury, pressure from her teammates and coaches, and not meeting her own standards (“I’ve always been kind of a perfectionist,” she told me). Goal setting is a great way to get the [...]
It is often asked, how do teams fit mental skills sessions into the practice setting? What are some things that sport psychologists work on during these sessions? With the start of the NFL season, the Seattle Seahawks uncover their recipe for success. First off, success starts with the head coach. Fundamentally, the head coach needs to create an environment tailored for success. For Pete Carroll (head coach of the Seahawks) success starts by supporting the players by showing that the coaches and the organization care about them. Carroll feels that “happy players make for better players.” His mantra with the team is “Do your job better than it has ever been done before,” through the use of positivity of thought, words, and actions. How does a sport psychologist fit into this culture? Since 2011, sport psychologist Mike Gervais has worked with the team at practice and has also been spotted on the sidelines during games. Sessions with Gervais include meditation, visualization, and neurotopia brain-performance testing that includes neurofeedback (brainwave testing), and status profiling that identifies: “what is going on in their lives, how much sleep they are getting, their goals, and how they are dealing with stressors.” How does this help the athletes? Russell Wilson (starting quarterback for the Seahawks) states that his work with Gervais helps him prepare for competition and high-pressure situations by “being in the moment and increasing chaos throughout practice, so when I go into the game, everything is relaxed.” To read more about how Pete Carroll and his innovative staff are changing the environment of professional football, click on the following link: http://espn.go.com/nfl/story/_/id/9581925/seattle-seahawks-use-unusual-techniques-practice-espn-magazine by Jimmy Yoo, SPINw consultant
Whether I work with a tennis player or a golfer, a runner, a baseball player or a soccer player, certain themes tend to arise frequently. One of them is the way that anxiety and pressure negatively effect an athlete's performance by causing the mind to speed up. When the mind speeds up, breathing speeds up and shallows, athletes forget to complete pre-performance routines, muscle tension increases, and athletes begin to second-guess themselves. For confident athletes, as the quote above says, can slow the game down. In sport psychology, we teach the athlete to "control the controllables": Attitude, Effort, and Preparation. By having better pre-performance routines and sticking to them, by having defined and well-practiced re-focusing cues, and through positive self talk, athletes can 'slow the game down' and perform up to their ability more consistently. Need help slowing the game down? Contact SPINw today! email@example.com / 866-300-1515 Portland, Oregon - Sport Psychology Institute Northwest
Sport Psychology Institute Northwest director Brian Baxter will be presenting to the soccer parents/coaches for Tualatin Hills Junior Soccer League this weekend, as part of an all-around coaches education workshop. Would you like to add value to your organization's training day? Give us a call 1-866-300-1515 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
**The following article was published in the summer 2013 edition of the Washington Coach Magazine** "The mental part is the hardest part, and I think that's what separates the good players from the great players." - Michael Jordan Sport Psychology, Mental Skills Training, a strong Mental Game, Mental Conditioning, Mental Toughness, being in the zone... These are some of the buzz words these days in sports. But what do they mean exactly? Isn't sport psychology for crazy people or athletes who are weak and just can't hack it? Unfortunately, that tends to be the perception “either you're born mentally strong or you're not." Portland Timbers ex-coach John Spencer infamously stated. "You can't teach mental toughness." just weeks before being fired because his team could not hold a lead or win on the road. Sport psychology and the mental game is the next evolution in reaching peak performance in sports. A strong mental game is something that a player can learn, grow, and improve on. It's this decade's Strength and Conditioning or Sports Nutrition piece of the well-rounded athletic puzzle. As coaches of young athletes, we wear many hats both on and off the field. There are typically four main on-field areas that athletes must be strong in to be able to compete: -Technical - (Skills) -Tactical - (Strategy) -Physical - (Athleticism) -Mental - (Confidence) For the most part, this list is in the order of importance, at least in regards to time spent by coaches. The mental part of the game is often underserved, because the others are so important, especially at a young age. As players get older and older, the mental game begins to separate the [...]
Lacrosse team gets dose of mental toughess training during a championship season. *UPDATE* July 30, 2014 - We are happy to report that Mike is now a consultant with Evolving Concepts in Santa Barbara, CA. Please check out his website at www.evolvingconcepts.net. Mike was a great part of our team at SPINw, and we can't endorse his knowledge, passion, and integrity enough! Meet Mike Wilson: For the past two years, Mike Wilson has interned with the Sport Psychology Institute Northwest. He is currently finishing up his Masterss Degree in Sport Psychology at John F. Kennedy University. Over the course of the 2012-13 winter and spring seasons, Mike worked with Westview High School's freshman boy's basketball team and Sunset High School's junior varsity boy's lacrosse team. He discussed sport psychology techniques and mental skills concepts like, goal setting, mental toughness, focus, and team cohesion. SPINw consultant Jimmy Yoo had a chance to sit down with Mike to identify frequently asked questions by the high school athletes he worked with. Q: What is Mental Toughness? Mike: Mental toughness is part of your belief system. It is an adopted/learned behavior created by the environment (i.e., sport) in which an athlete performs. Mental toughness is made up of several different traits that include resilience, persistence, aggressiveness, confidence, and pride. It is something an athlete uses to overcome his or her fear, anxiety, or stress that is related to competition. A quote from Bill Belichick, Head Coach of the New England Patriots, on being mentally tough: "In the end, our ability to perform under pressure is critical. In that light, it really comes down to two things. No. 1, the team process, all of us being able to [...]
Here are some excerpts from SPINw's Brian Baxter's interview with About.com... I was told years and years ago that skateboarding is 90 percent mental. It sounds like you guys have something of a similar outlook! Just how important IS the mental and psychological piece when it comes to skating? In sports, the mental game becomes more and more important the older the athlete becomes, and the higher the level they have achieved. I see no difference for skaters. You want to approach each run, each practice, each competition with strong confidence and sharp focus. Improving the mental game is all about identifying what factors distract you from this. For most athletes it's pressure, nerves, anxiety, stress or basically fear: fear of failing ("What if I'm not good enough"), fear of making a mistake ("What if everyone laughs at me?"), fear of getting hurt ("What if I fall and get injured?"), or sometimes even fear of success ("If I succeed, I'll be expected to succeed even more next time.") Once these factors are identified, it is important to have strategies in place to alleviate the pressure, and just focus on the task at hand. In a nutshell, what IS the "Sports Mindset Gameplan"? The Sports Mindset Gameplan is a workbook for athletes to help build and maintain confidence. The athletes goes through the book, answering questions and completing action steps to personalize the mental game to their specific situation. They will learn strategies to improve focus, relax, motivate, and cultivate a positive mindset, among others. You say that going through the workbook personalizes the athlete's psychology techniques - can you give me some examples of how this works? Click here to read the full article.
Last year, SPINw began providing mental game training for BaxterSports Soccer and Sports Camps. We gave the young players an introduction to mental game techniques such as goal setting, positive self-talk, and focus. BaxterSports' addition of sport psychology and sports nutrition has given it a unique edge over the other Portland area camps, which helped them to be named Portland's Best Summer Sports Camp by NW Kids Magazine. Check out BaxterSports' offerings here.
Are you a high school or collegiate athlete who is looking for an edge going into the spring season? - Looking to improve your confidence, focus, and ability to perform under pressure? Are you a competitive coach continually looking to improve your coaching? - Looking to hone your leadership skills, better motivate your athletes, and learn from other coaches? If so, check out SPINw's new class series starting in February! Click here for more information or to register!